Monday, 26 December 2011
The Longest Walk : American Indians
The Longest Walk - The message the Longest Walk is a powerful one: American Indians are suffering from diabetes at epidemic rates.
The Longest Walk 3 has been long both in time and distance. It began on Monday, February 14, 2011 with two routes: the northern route that began in Portland, Oregon, led by Chris Francisco, Navajo, and the southern route, which began at the Pacific Ocean at La Jolla, California, just outside San Diego. Dennis Banks, who was diagnosed with diabetes two years ago, is leading the southern route. Some walkers have participated all the way from the west coast to the east coast.
The Longest Walk 1978: A Look Back
The 1960s and 1970s were turbulent times in America. The Vietnam War, the assassinations of President Kennedy, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and Senator Robert Kennedy, the Civil Rights Movement, Watergate caused Americans to question government as never before in the history of the United States. Everyday Americans discovered what American Indians have known forever, as evidenced by hundreds of broken treaties:
The rise of the American Indian Movement and its causes made Americans take a closer look at the treatment of American Indians. With the takeover of the 1972 Bureau of Indian Affairs building in Washington and the 71 day seize of Wounded Knee the next year, American Indians all of the sudden were "front and center" on people's minds. People discovered the deplorable living conditions that this country's first peoples had to endure.
By 1978, Dennis Banks, one of the co-founders of the American Indian Movement, discovered a new cause: Pending federal legislation was proposed that would severely damage treaty rights for American Indian tribes across the country. At hand were eleven bills before Congress that would have restricted tribal government, limited some hunting and fishing rights and closed Native schools and hospitals.
Banks led the Longest Walk across America. He found people who were willing to take the cause to the streets - literally.
The first Longest Walk was really a pilgrimage of twenty-six American Indians who walked across the country from San Francisco to Washington, DC to bring attention to the eleven bills before Congress. Those who followed Banks became known as Long Walkers.
"We faced horrible conditions. When you get out there - up in the mountains - it is cold, snowy and tough," recalls Paul Owns the Sabre, Lakota, of San Francisco, who was one of the twenty-six Long Walkers who made the trek all across the country, often carrying the flags of their tribal nations. He recalls how money and food were scarce along the route. The Long Walkers camped in tents and braved the harshness of the winter and the severe summer sun.
"It really becomes a spiritual thing. It was not fun and games… it became very serious," adds Owns the Sabre.
Owns the Sabre recalls hearing racist terms yelled at the Long Walkers outside of Reno, Nevada. "They did not like the idea Indians were even walking through their town," said Owns the Sabre.
While only twenty-six people embarked on the total length of the walk from San Francisco to Washington, DC, some two-thousand people gathered in the nation's capital city to provide support of the Longest Walk.